Clive Broadbent











Publications by Clive Broadbent
Books

Broadbent, Clive and Summerville, Scott. 2004. Indoor Air Quality. Mechanical Engineering Services Application Manual No. DA 26. Australian Institute of Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heating (Inc) (AIRAH). Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive. 2001. Maintenance. Mechanical Engineering ServicesApplication Manual No. DA 19 (Update, Second Edition). AIRAH. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive. 1998. Water Treatment. Mechanical Engineering ServicesApplication Manual No. DA 18. AIRAH. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive. 1996. Guidance on Water Quality for Heated Spas. NationalEnvironmental Health Forum Monographs, Water Series No. 2. Commonwealth Department of Human Services and Health. Canberra. (See http://enhealth.nphp.gov.au/council/pubs/ecpub.htm ).

Broadbent, Clive. 1996. Guidance for the Control of Legionella. National Environmental Health Forum Monographs, Water Series No. 1. Commonwealth Department of Human Services and Health. Canberra. (See http://enhealth.nphp.gov.au/council/pubs/ecpub.htm ).

Broadbent, Clive. 1994. Clearing the Air: Guidelines for installing and servicing air-handling plant for microbial control. The Open Training and Education Network. Technical and Further Education Commission (NSW).

Chapters in Books

Broadbent, Clive. 2002. Australian Risk Management Approaches to Control of Legionella in Cooling Water Systems. In: Legionella (Eds. Marre, R., Kwaik,ciotY. A., Bartlett, C., Cianto, N., Fields, B., Frosch, M., Hacker, J. and Luck, P.C.). ASM Press. Washington, DC.

Broadbent, Clive and Bentham, Richard. 1995. Legionella ecology in cooling towers – Summary of a four year study. In: Indoor Air – An integratedapproach (Eds Morawska, L., Bofinger, N.D. and M. Maroni). Elsevier Science Ltd. Oxford.

Broadbent, Clive. 1993. Legionella in Cooling Towers: Practical Research, Design, Treatment, and Control Guidelines. In: Legionella – Current Statusand Emerging Perspectives (Eds. Barbaree, J.M., Breiman, R.F. and A.P. Dufour). ASM Press. Washington, DC.

Broadbent, Clive. 1993. Strategies for Prevention and Control of Legionellosis in Australia. In: Legionella- Current Status and Emerging perspectives (Eds. Barbaree, J.M., Breiman, R.F. andA.P.Dufour). ASM Press. Washington, DC.

Bentham, R.H., Broadbent, C.R. and Marwood, L.N. 1993. The Influence of the Sessile Population in the Legionella Colonization of Cooling Towers. In: Legionella – Current Status and Emerging Perspectives (Eds. Barbaree, J.M., Breiman, R.F. and Dufour, A.P.) ASM Press. Washington, DC.

Primary Author

Standards Australia Handbook SAA/SNZ HB 32:1995. Control of microbialgrowth in air-handling and water systems of buildings. Standards Australia. Sydney.

Significant Authorship

Standards Australia. AS/NZS 3666.1:2011. Air-handling and water systemsof buildings – Microbial control. Part 1: Design, installation and commissioning. Standards Australia. Sydney.

Standards Australia. AS/NZS 3666.2:2011. Air-handling and water systemsof buildings – Microbial control. Part 2: Operation and maintenance. Standards Australia. Sydney.

Standards Australia. AS/NZS 3666.3:2011. Air-handling and water systems of buildings – Microbial control. Part 3: performance-based maintenanceofcooling water systems. Standards Australia. Sydney.

Standards Australia. AS 5059 – 2006. Power station cooling tower water systems – Management of Legionnaires’ disease health risk. Standards Australia. Sydney.

Standards Australia AS/NZS 3666.4: 2011. Air-handling and water systems of buildings – Microbial control. Part 4: Performance-based maintenance of air-handling systems (ducts and components). Standards Australia. Sydney.

Peer-reviewed Transactions and Journal Papers

Broadbent, Clive (2014). Calculating the value of fresh air indoors: Carbon dioxide in indoor air. Climate Control News. Dec 2014, p34. Yaffa Publishing Group.

Broadbent, Clive (2013). The legend of legionella. Ecolibrium 12:3 (April) pp16-17. AIRAH, melbourne

Broadbent, Clive. (2012). Legionella, health and the built environment. Climate Control News, April 2012, pp 26-28. Yaffa Publishing Group, Sydney.

Broadbent, Clive. 2011. A standards update. Ecolibrium 10:3 (April) pp16-17. AIRAH, Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive. (2010). Legionella control and climate change. irhace journal 22:1 (Jan/Feb 2010), pp 26-27. IRHACE, Auckland, NZ.

Broadbent, Clive (2009). Dust storms, HVAC and the facility manager. Climate Control News. December, 26-28. Yaffa Publishing. Sydney. Reproduced in The Australian Building Services Journal ( 2009). Summer, 42-44. Adbourne Publishing. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive (2008). Control of SARS and other pathogens: A multi-disciplinary activity. IAQ Applications. Fall, 9:1. 19-20. ASHRAE. Atlanta.

Broadbent, Clive (2008). Hidden dangers in water recycling. Australian Plumbing Industry. Spring, 24, 4: 24-26. Master Plumbers Association. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive (2008). Avoiding Legionnaires' disease: It's not just cooling towers. The Australian Building Services Journal. 2: 43-45. Adbourne Publishing. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive (2008). Ten top worst practices: Cooling towers. HVAC&R Nation. April, 19-21. AIRAH. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive (2007). Avoiding Legionnaires' disease in hospitals. Hospital Engineers & Facilities Management. Annual, 43-45. Touch Magazines. Sydney.

Broadbent, Clive (2007). Developments in risk management approaches to Legionella control. The Australian Building Services Journel. 4: 28-38. Adbourne Publishing. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive (2006). Sars, WHO and Indoor Air Quality. Official. 28:5, 46-54. Official Classic Series, IAPMO (International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials). Ontario, California, USA.

Broadbent, Clive (2006). Is your cooling tower a health risk. Climate Control News. December, 28-29. Yaffa Publishing. Sydney.

Broadbent, Clive. 2005. The worst failure in Legionella control: The
failure to learn. The Hotel Engineer 10, 2: 48-50. The Australian
Institute of Hotel Engineering and Adbourne Press. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive. 2005. Risk management methodologies for control of Legionella in cooling towers. Ecolibrium (the AIRAH Journal) 4, 2:16-19(March). AIRAH. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive. 2004. Lessons Learned From SARS. ASHRAE IAQApplications 5, 2:1-3 (Spring 2004). American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc (ASHRAE). Atlanta.

Broadbent, Clive. 2004. Dries and Wets in Canberra. Ecolibrium 3, 6: 28-30 (June). AIRAH. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive. 2004. Lessons from Beijing. Ecolibrium 3, 4: 22-25 (April). AIRAH. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive. 2004. SARS, WHO & IAQ. Ecolibrium 3, 3: 8-15 (March). AIRAH. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive. 2003. Legionella; the enemy in a flood. Ecolibrium 2, 9:16-17 (October). AIRAH. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive. 2003. Legionella in the pipeline. Plumbing and MechanicalConnection Spring 2003: 48-52. Connection Magazines Pty Ltd. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive. 2003. Risk management for very large cooling towers. Climate Control News 2, 7:18-19 (July). Yaffa Publishing. Sydney.

Broadbent, Clive. 2003. Legionella in hot water systems: Where are we at? Ecolibrium 2, 3:24-29 (April). AIRAH. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive. 2002. Risk management in cooling water systems. Climate Control News 1, 3: 22-24 (June). Yaffa Publishing. Sydney.

Broadbent, Clive. 2002. Risk management and Legionella. Safe Science2002/01:1-5. Safety Management and Information Services Ltd. Hamilton, NZ.

Broadbent, Clive. 2001. Legionella regulation: the state of the nation. Plumbing and Mechanical Connection. 2001 summer quarter: 10-14 (December). Connection Magazines Pty Ltd. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive. 2001. Legionnaires’ disease: the Australian Experience. Hong Kong Engineer 29, 2: 26-28. Hong Kong Institution of Engineers. Printers Circle Ltd. Hong Kong.

Broadbent, Clive. 2000. Protozoa: Trojan horses for Legionella infections? AIRAH Journal 54, 9:27-31(September). AIRAH. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive. 2000. Control of Legionella contamination in buildings – An Australian perspective. The Building Services Journal Winter 2000: 27-42. Institute of Plant Engineers Australasia; Adbourne press. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive. 1999. Lessons for managing risk from Legionnaires’ disease hazards. Paper at the Institution of Engineers Conference: The Worst Failure – the Failure to Learn (November). Institution of Engineers. Canberra.

Broadbent, Clive. 1999. Control of Legionnaires’ Disease – An Australian Perspective. ASHRAE Transactions 105, Pt 2. Paper SE-99-3-3. ASHRAE Atlanta.

Broadbent, Clive. 1999. An Aussie perspective for controlling Legionnaires’ disease. The Australian Health Care Maintenance Annual. 1999:89-93. Adbourne Publishing. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive. 1999. Standards and Guidelines to help control Legionnaires’ disease. The Australian Health Care Maintenance Annual. 1999: 95-100. Adbourne Publishing. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive. 1998. New rules for Legionella control. The AustralasianPlant Engineer June: 22-23. Institute of Plant Engineers of Australasia. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive and Bentham, Richard. 1998. Control of Legionella in small evaporative condensers: A risk management approach. AIRAH Journal 52, 1: 12-17 (January). AIRAH. Melbourne.

Bentham, Richard and Broadbent, Clive. 1996. Cooling towers: Materials of construction and colonisation by Legionella and other bacteria. AIRAH Journal 50, 3: 22-29 (March). AIRAH. Melbourne.

Bentham, Richard H. and Broadbent, Clive R. 1995. Field Trial of Biocides for Control of Legionella in Cooling Towers. Current Microbiology 30, 167-172. Springer-Verlag. New York.

Broadbent, Clive. 1995. Australia meeting the challenge of Legionnaires’ disease. Building Owner & Manager. May 1995: 50-51. Property Council of Australia. Sydney.

Broadbent, Clive. 1995. Cooling towers, the environment and public health. The Australasian Plant Engineer 10, 2: 17-26. Institute of Plant Engineers of Australasia. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive. 1995. HVAC education and training – the future. AIRAH Journal 49, 2: 17-18 (February). AIRAH. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive, Bentham, Richard and Marwood, Lynn. 1994. A model to explain autumn outbreaks of Legionnaires’ disease associated with small cooling towers. AIRAH Journal 48, 12:19-30 (December). AIRAH. Melbourne.

Bentham, R.H. and C.R. Broadbent. 1993. Environmental factors affecting the colonisation of cooling towers by Legionella spp. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation 31 (1993): 55-63. Elsevier Science Publishers Ltd.

Bentham, R.H. and C.R. Broadbent. 1993. A model for autumn outbreaks of Legionnaires’ disease associated with cooling towers, linked to system operation and size. Epidemiology and Infection 1993, 111: 287-295. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge.

Broadbent, Clive. 1993. Environmental quality: Back to the future. AIRAH Journal 37, 5; 33-36 (May). AIRAH. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive. 1993. Sick buildings: preventative strategies. Specifier Architectural and Interiors 2, 1:54-56 (February). Sydney.

Broadbent, Clive. 1993. Legionnaires’ disease, Legionella and cooling towers. The Building Surveyor 14, 1: 25-34 (January-March). Australian Institute of Building Surveyors. Sydney.

Broadbent, Clive. 1993. Ecology of Legionella in cooling towers: Field study by Australian Construction Services. The Building Surveyor 14, 1: 34-35 (March). Australian Institute of Building Surveyors. Sydney.

Broadbent, C.R. and Bentham, R.H. 1993. The influence of temperature and system operation on the colonization of cooling towers by Legionella bacteria. ASHRAE Special Publications: Building Design, Technology, and OccupantWell-Being in Temperate Climates, 18-22 (February). ASHRAE. Atlanta.

Broadbent, Clive. 1992. Healthy indoor environments. Specifier Architecturaland Interiors 1, 2: 52-55 (November). Sydney.

Broadbent, Clive R., Marwood, Lynn N. and Bentham, Richard H. 1992. Legionella ecology in cooling towers. AIRAH Journal 46, 10: 20-34 (October). AIRAH. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive. 1992. Healthy indoor environments – some case studies. Industrial Engineer. September: 18-25. Institute of Industrial Engineers.

Broadbent, Clive. 1992. Strategies for prevention and control of Legionellosis in Australia. The Australasian Plant Engineer 7, 3: 15-17. The Institute of Plant Engineers of Australasia. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive. 1992. What makes our buildings sick. Building ServicesAustralia. February: 38-40.

Broadbent, C.R., Marwood, L.N. and Bentham, R.H. 1991. Legionella in Cooling Towers: Report of a Field Study in South Australia. ASHRAE Transactions FE 91-10 (55-60). November. ASHRAE. Atlanta.

Broadbent, Clive. 1991. Sick buildings. The Building Surveyor, 12, October: 20-21. Australian Institute of Building Surveyors. Sydney.

Broadbent, Clive. 1991. Sick buildings or just unwell? Celsius (Journal of theRefrigeration and air Conditioning Contractors Association of Australia). 19, 10: 17-22. RACCA-Celsius Management. Sydney.

Broadbent, Clive. 1991. Air quality solutions: just common sense. Occupational Health Magazine No 42 (August). Newsletter Information Services. Sydney.

Broadbent, C. R. 1991. Developments in Australia to Control Legionella. ASHRAE Transactions 97, Pt 1: 258-264 (Paper 3467). ASHRAE. Atlanta.

Broadbent, Clive. 1990. How to have air conditioning and still be healthy. AIRAH Journal 44, 8: 18-27 (August). AIRAH. Melboune.

Broadbent, Clive. 1989. Legionella in the Australian environment – an emu parade. AIRAH Journal 43, 10; 25-29 (October). AIRAH. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive. 1989. Legionella control measures. The Shire & MunicipalRecord 82, 5: 279-286 (August). The Law Book Company. Sydney.

Broadbent, C. 1988. Guidelines for the control of Legionnaires’ disease hazards. AII Journal 11, 4: 7-10 (November). The Australian Insurance Institute. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive. 1988. Legionella – Engineering control measures. In: Refrigeration for food and people: 134-139. International Institute of Refrigeration. Paris.

Broadbent, Clive. 1988. New rules for Legionella control. The AustralasianPlant Engineer 13, 2: 22-23 (winter).The Institute of Plant Engineers of Australasia. Chevron Publishing. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive. 1987. Practical measures to control Legionnaires’ disease hazards. AIRAH Journal 41, 7: 22-30 (July). AIRAH.

Broadbent, Clive. 1986. The economics of heat pumps. Australian EnergyManagement News. Federal Department of Primary Industry and Energy. Canberra.

Brown, A.M., Broadbent, C.R. and P.W. Dobney. 1985. Reasonable targets for low energy building design and operation. AIRAH Journal 39, 6: 27-32 (June). AIRAH. Melbourne.

Selected Conference Papers

Broadbent, Clive. 2003. Risk management methodologies for control of Legionella in cooling towers. Proceedings of the Symposium on Legionnairesdisease and other respiratory infections pp. 19-40. December. Hong Kong.

Broadbent, Clive. 2003. Legionella at the intersection between engineering, microbiology and management. Institute for International Research Conference: Building Maintenance and management (October). Conference proceedings (27 pages). IIR. Sydney.

Broadbent, Clive. 2003. A risk management methodology for control of Legionella in cooling water systems. Proceedings of the annual IRHACE conference, Hamilton, NZ (April): Pages 82-90. Institute of Refrigeration, Heating and air Conditioning Engineers of New Zealand. Auckland.

Broadbent, Clive. 2002. Legionella and backflow. Proceedings of the NationalConference, Backflow Prevention Association of Australia (June). Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive. 2000. Managing risk from Legionnaires’ disease hazards. Shades of Grey/ Building Industry 2000 Conference: Legionella – A curse or awake-up call. Paper 5 (16 pages). Melbourne.

Broadbent, C.R. 1999. A performance based standard for Legionella control in cooling water systems. Proceedings 20 th International Congressof Refrigeration, Sydney. September. Paper 602 (7 pages). International Institute of Refrigeration. Paris.

Broadbent, Clive. 1998. Control of Legionella contamination in buildings: an Australian perspective. ASHRAE Symposium on Indoor EnvironmentalQuality. Proceedings pp. 5.1-5.25. October. ASHRAE. Hong Kong.

Broadbent, C. R. 1998. Control of Legionella in heat rejection systems; an Australian perspective. CIBSE National Conference, Bournemouth, UK. Proceedings pp. 374-384. October. CIBSE. London.

Broadbent, C.R., Bentham, R.H. and L.N. Marwood. 1995. Pieces that fit some puzzles about Legionnaires’ disease outbreaks. CIBSE NationalConference, Eastbourne, UK. Proceedings pp. 227-234. October. CIBSE. London.

Broadbent, C.R. and R.H. Bentham. 1995. Summary of a four year study into Legionella ecology in cooling towers. CIBSE National Conference, Eastbourne, UK. Proceedings pp. 260-264. October. CIBSE. London.

Broadbent, Clive. 1995. Healthy indoor environments: principles, surveys and case studies. Proceedings of NSW Health Conference: Public Health (Wagga). NSW Health Department. Sydney.

Broadbent, Clive. 1994. Environmental quality: Research, surveys, and case studies. Proceedings of the Annual IRHACE Conference, Christchurch, NZ (March). Paper 3, 14 pages. Institute of Refrigeration, Heating and Air Conditioning Engineers of New Zealand. Auckland.

Broadbent, Clive. 1994. the role of cooling towers in environmental quality. Proceedings of the Annual IRHACE Conference, Christchurch, NZ (March). Paper 6, 7 pages. Institute of Refrigeration, Heating and Air Conditioning Engineers of New Zealand. Auckland.

Broadbent, Clive. 1993. Health and comfort in the built environment. Proceedings of ASHRAE conference: The Built Environment. Proceedings paper 1: pp 1-20. November. Singapore.

Broadbent, Clive. 1993. Strategies for Legionella identification and control in building water systems. Proceedings of the International Institute ofRefrigeration Conference on Improving Indoor air quality (Sydney, August). IIR. Paris.

Broadbent, Clive. 1993. Strategies for control of Legionella contamination in small cooling towers. Conference on Legionella. (July) Public Health Laboratory Service, Porton Down, UK.

Bentham, Richard and Clive Broadbent. 1993. An explanation for autumn outbreaks of Legionnaires’ disease associated with small cooling towers. Proceedings of Indoor Air ’93 (July), Vol 4, 329-332. International Society for Indoor Air Quality and Climate. Helsinki, Finland.

Broadbent, Clive and Richard Bentham. 1993. Field evaluation of control stragies for Legionella in cooling water systems. Proceedings of Indoor Air ’93 (July), Vol 4, 345-350. International Society for Indoor Air Quality and Climate. Helsinki. Finland.

Broadbent, Clive. 1992. Sick buildings; causes, cures and preventive strategies. Conference on the Building and Construction Industries: Towardsthe Year 2020. Kuala Lumpur. The Institute of Engineers, Malaysia. August. Proceedings session 2 (15pages). Kuala Lumpur.

Broadbent, Clive, Marwood, Lynn, and Richard Bentham. 1992. Legionella ecology in cooling towers. Conference on the Building and Construction Industries: Towards the Year 2020. Kuala Lumpur. The Institute of Engineers, Malaysia. August. Proceedings session 2 (23 pages). Kuala Lumpur.

Broadbent, Clive. 1991. Engineering practices to control Legionella. Conference paper: Annual scientific meeting, Royal College of Pathologists. (Melbourne, October). Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive. 1991. Engineering strategies in Australia to control Legionella. Paper to Conference: Health and Hygiene of Water and Air Handling Systems. (Wellington,May). NZ Communicable Disease Centre. Wellington.

Broadbent, Clive. 1990. CFC’s and the environment – a consultant’s view. CFC’s and the Environment Conference papers (Canberra, March). AIRAH. Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive. 1990. Recent developments in Legionella control. Conference paper (February). Brisbane City Council: The Queensland Legionnaires’ Disease Bacteria Conference. Brisbane.

Broadbent, Clive. 1989. gasp! Wheeze! Sniff! Air conditioning and you. Conference Proceedings (pp217-226). 25 th Annual Conference. The Ergonomics Society of Australia. Canberra.

Broadbent, Clive. 1989. Control of Legionella in water cooling towers. Conference Transactions. Australian Water and Waste Water Association. The Institution of Engineers. Canberra.

Broadbent, Clive. 1988. Management guidelines for control of Legionnaires’ disease hazards. Annual Conference of the Australian Society for Microbiology (May). Canberra.

Broadbent, Clive. 1987. Advances in control methods for Legionnaires’ disease. Conference of the South Australian Health Commission: Legionella Bacteria in Large Buildings (February). South Australian Department of Human Services. Adelaide.

Brown, Alan M. and Clive R. Broadbent. 1985. Low energy building design and operation – an Australian energy auditor’s view of reasonable targets. Conference Proceedings (March). Institute of Professional Engineers, New Zealand. Wellington. NZ.

Broadbent, Clive. 1977. Engagement of consulting engineers by government departments: roles, participation and problems. Conference of the Associationof Consulting engineers – Australia (February). Melbourne.

Broadbent, Clive. 1973. Airport baggage handling. Conference of the Instituteof Materials Handling Engineers (March). Melbourne.